Supreme Dentist Stamford - Dental Implant Specialist and Emergency Dentist

PERIODONTAL DISEASE : WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

periodontal disease- a dental model where the gums are bleeding

INTRODUCTION

Periodontal disease is a serious threat to our oral health, as it can silently damage the structures that hold our teeth in place. In this blog post, we will explore the various factors that can cause and worsen this common yet frequently overlooked dental condition.

FACTORS CAUSING THE PERIODONTAL DISEASE

PLAQUE BUILDUP

Plaque, a sticky film made up of bacteria, causes periodontal disease when it grows on our teeth. This creates an environment where gum disease can develop. The interaction between oral bacteria and the immune system leads to inflammation and destruction of the gums, which are the hallmarks of periodontal disease.

LIFESTYLE FACTORS

Lifestyle choices can contribute to the worsening of periodontal disease, for example, smoking weakens the body’s ability to fight infections and constricts blood vessels, which limits the delivery of essential nutrients to the gums. Similarly, plaque bacteria thrive and intensify their destructive activities on a diet high in sugars and processed foods.

GENETICS

This may also be influenced by genetics. Certain individuals may inherit a greater susceptibility to inflammatory responses, causing them to be more prone to gum disease even if they follow strict oral hygiene practices. Acknowledging these genetic concerns highlights the significance of personalized preventive measures for those with a higher risk.

HORMONAL CHANGES

Hormonal changes can impact the vulnerability to periodontal disease. Puberty, pregnancy, and menopause introduce hormonal fluctuations that can affect the blood supply to the gums and alter the body’s response to bacterial presence which can potentially increase the risk of gum disease during these phases.

SYSTEMIC CONDITIONS

This is also known as gum disease and has been linked to cardiovascular disease and diabetes. This means that it doesn’t only affect oral health, but can also have an impact on overall well-being. That is because, periodontal disease can cause inflammation, which can contribute to inflammation elsewhere in the body. Therefore, it is important to take care of oral health to promote good health in general.

PREVENTION OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE

The key to preventing periodontal disease lies in a proactive and holistic approach to oral health. Regular dental check-ups, meticulous oral hygiene practices, and lifestyle choices that support overall well-being form the frontline defense against it.

Remember that we must make informed choices in our daily lives. By acknowledging the interplay of genetics, lifestyle, hormones, and systemic health, we pave the way for a future where our smiles stand resilient against any dental disease. After all, in terms of oral health, knowledge is indeed power.

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